GRAPE (Vitis ssp.)

Grape varieties:

Cabernet Sauvignon

  • Wine grape of European origin
  • Plant vines 5' - 7' apart depending on site conditions.
  • Needs well-drained soil.
  • Mid to late-season harvest in August to late October.
  • If grown in areas too cool for this variety, it can develop a 'green bell pepper' aroma. In areas too warm, fruit does not develop it's normal character.
  • Moderately susceptible to powdery mildew; quite susceptible to Eutypa dieback (delays shoot emergence in spring; causes stunted, chlorotic shoots and leaves)

Chardonnay

  • Wine grape of European origin
  • Plant vines 4' - 6' apart
  • Adaptable to a wide range of soil types but prefers deep, enriched, moist soils
  • Cool, coastal areas with persistent winds can reduce the growth and yield
  • Yield varies by climatic region and cultural practices
  • Early season variety. Ripens August/September in warmer regions; mid to late October in cooler regions.
  • Highly suscepticle to powdery mildew and Pierce's desease (a bacterium that affects the water-carrying capacity of the plant's xylem. Spreads by sap-feeding insects.)
  • Birds like fruit
  • Prefers cooler climate regions for highest quality

Concord

  • Table grape of American origin
  • Seeded blue fruit
  • Use for cooking, juice, jelly

Flame Seedless

  • Table grape of European origin
  • Seedless red grape
  • Early harvest in early July
  • Very vigorous

Merlot

  • Wine grape of unknown origin but most likely European
  • Prefers cool to warm climate regions
  • Prefers deep, sandy loam or well-drained soils with good moisture-holding capacity. Sensitive to zinc deficiency, salinity and cold, wet conditions.
  • Yields vary from year to year
  • Midseason harvest in mid-September to mid-October
  • Slightly susceptible to powdery mildew and Pierce's disease. Moderately susceptible to Botrytis bunch rot with fall rains.
  • Cool weather during bloom will result in less fruit setting. Fertilize after bloom.

Perlette Seedless

  • Table grape of European origin
  • Pale yellow, seedless fruit
  • Use fresh for eating, less sweet than 'Thompson Seedless'
  • Needs less heat than most European varieties
  • Early season harvest, late June/early July

Thompson Seedless

  • Table grape possibly originating from Persia
  • Dominant raisin variety in California
  • Large clusters of small, sweet, seedless greenish amber fruit
  • Vines are vigorous and adaptable to a wide range of soils
  • Plant vines 7' - 8' apart
  • Does best in hot, dry areas
  • Peak harvest is late August to mid-September
  • Moderately susceptible to powdery mildew, and Pierce's disease (a bacterium that affects the water-carrying capacity of the plant's xylem. Spreads by sap-feeding insects.)

Zinfandel

  • Wine grape of unknown origin but possibly Hungary
  • Heavy fruit producer in fertile soil, better suited for moderate to low-fertility, well-drained soil.
  • Space vines 5' apart, more if planted in fertile soil.
  • Production varies and depends on climate, soil fertility, irrigation and management practices
  • Mid to late-season harvest
  • Fruit needs to be thinned to allow ripening
  • Moderately resistant to powdery mildew and Eutypa dieback (delays shoot emergence in spring; causes stunted, chlorotic shoots and leaves)
  • Fruit produces wine with berry and spice flavors in cool climates, not so obvious if grown in warm areas.
  • Makes an excellent dessert or port wine.

 

http://ucanr.org/sites/gardenweb/Growing_Grapes_in_the_California_Garden/

Common Name: 

Grape

5 Gallon: 

14.00
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